Details are still being worked out. But the administration will likely propose spending hundreds of billions more to address the foreclosure crisis, guarantee against losses on some bank assets and expand liquidity programs, according to people with knowledge of the discussions who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Looming above these is a proposal to set up a federal bank - dubbed a "bad bank" - that would buy troubled assets clogging financial institutions' balance sheets. This would free the institutions to lend money and would entice wary investors back into the market, proponents say.
But the government will have to commit far more money than policymakers were discussing even a few weeks ago.
"I think we're talking hundreds of billions of dollars," said Brian Gardner, an analyst with the research firm Keefe, Bruyette & Woods. "I don't think there's anyone who doubts the administration will be going back to the Hill for more than the $350 billion" recently released from this fall's $700 billion bailout package.
The International Monetary Fund wrote in a report Wednesday that losses from banks in the U.S. and Europe already have topped $1 trillion and could reach $2.2 trillion.
At that rate, the banks will require "at least half a trillion dollars" to remain solvent, the report says.
Congressional Democrats have been seeking advice from economist Mark Zandi, who said he is pushing a three-point plan for banks that includes more capital infusions, guarantees against losses on bad assets and a "bad bank" to buy distressed assets.
"They should use all three of those tools aggressively," said Zandi, of Moody's Economy.com. "If they are able to establish a marketplace for those assets, the benefits could be readily apparent."
Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Chairman Sheila Bair has mentioned the "bad bank" proposal in a series of interviews as one option the government should consider.
By purchasing bad assets that banks can't sell now, the government would set prices for them. This could cost the banks dearly in write-downs. But it also could give investors clarity about the relative strength of the financial institutions. That, in turn, could encourage those on the sidelines to begin investing again.
"Buyers are going to say, 'Wait a minute, these are valuable assets; we just don't know how to price them,'" said Travis Larson, a spokesman for the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. "Now, many of these toxic assets aren't toxic any more, because in fact, the market value has gone up as buyers re-enter the market."
Bank stocks surged Wednesday on investor expectations about the proposed plan to purchase assets. Wells Fargo & Co. soared 31 percent, Citigroup Inc. 19 percent and Bank of America 13 percent.
"It's pretty great news for pretty much all banks, especially the big ones," said David Stepherson, portfolio manager at Hardesty Capital Management.
Administration officials said they expect Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner to unveil his plans for a new financial industry rescue next week.